An albuterol nebulizer relieves muscle tightness in the airways to help a person breathe more easily. The nebulizer turns the liquid medicine into a mist, helping it reach the lungs faster.
In general, nebulizers are a good way for people to give medicine to children, as all they have to do is sit up and breathe through a mask. However, albuterol is not for everyone.
Read on to learn more about how albuterol nebulizers work, the conditions they can help with, and how to use them.
Albuterol is a type of bronchodilator medicine. It works by dilating the airways, making it easier for people with bronchospasm or constricted airways to breathe. Albuterol sulfate (AccuNeb) is a liquid form of this medication.
A nebulizer is a machine that turns liquid medicine into a fine mist. A person breathes in this mist through a mouthpiece or face mask. These devices can make it easier to administer medication to a child.
However, some young children may find wearing a mask painful, causing them to cry. This will make the nebulizer less efficient.
Nebulizers come in different shapes and sizes, some larger than others. Some are battery powered and others come with a power cord. People may notice that some nebulizers are louder than others.
Before anyone uses albuterol with a nebulizer for the first time, a doctor will show them how to assemble the nebulizer and how to add the medicine. Nebulizer designs can vary, so even if someone has used one before, it is important that they follow the directions.
One person can follow these steps when using albuterol with a nebulizer:
- Wash one’s hands.
- Follow the assembly instructions to assemble the nebulizer and attach the mask, tubing, and mouthpiece.
- Open a sheet of albuterol sulfate and check the color. It should be clear and colorless. If it is cloudy, do not use it.
- Add albuterol sulfate to the medication cup.
- Turn on the nebulizer.
- Sit in a comfortable position that makes breathing easier.
- Hold the mouthpiece over your nose and mouth with one hand. With the other hand, hold the medicine cup upright to help the medicine pass through the nebulizer.
- Take slow, deep breaths and continue to breathe through the mask until all of the medicine is gone. Treatment can last between 10 to 15 minutes.
- Turn off the nebulizer and disconnect parts according to the instructions.
- Follow the instructions for cleaning the nebulizer and face mask, then store them.
After a person uses a nebulizer several times, they may not need to rely on the instructions as much. A person should make sure to take care of the nebulizer and make sure that it is clean for it to work effectively and to stop the growth of harmful bacteria.
An albuterol nebulizer relaxes the airways in people with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is effective in treating symptoms such as:
- difficulty in breathing
- shortness of breath
- chest tightness
It is important to note that while albuterol can relieve symptoms, it does not cure any health problem.
Adults and children more than 2 years can use albuterol nebulizer. A doctor will determine how much albuterol a person needs and how often they should use the medicine.
If a person is pregnant or breastfeeding, they should tell their doctor before taking albuterol. If someone finds out that she is pregnant while using an albuterol nebulizer, they should also let their doctor know as soon as possible.
People can still use albuterol during pregnancy, but because there are no high-quality studies on its safety during pregnancy, people will need to discuss the risks and benefits with a doctor.
Who shouldn’t use an albuterol nebulizer?
Albuterol may not be suitable for some people. Before using albuterol with a nebulizer, a person should tell their doctor about any underlying health problem to make sure that this drug does not interact with them.
It is Particularly important inform a doctor about:
If a person could have any of these conditions, they should get a doctor to perform diagnostic tests to rule them out.
It is also important for a person to tell their doctor if they have recently stopped taking MAOIs or tricyclics in the past. 2 weeks.
Using albuterol at the same time as these drugs can cause serious drug interactions.
People should not use the nebulizer prescribed by a doctor to inhale any other type of medicine.
If a person is taking any supplements, such as vitamins or herbal remedies, they should also discuss this with their doctor before trying albuterol.
- an irregular or fast heartbeat
- chest pain
If these side effects occur and do not improve, or if they become bothersome, talk to a doctor as soon as possible about how to manage or avoid them.
Sometimes albuterol can make breathing difficulties worse. If this happens, call 911 or visit an emergency room immediately.
A person should also get emergency help if they have the following symptoms of a severe allergic reaction after using albuterol:
- difficulty swallowing
- chest tightening
- swelling of the throat, face, lips, hands, feet or legs
- difficulty in breathing
- shock, which involves low blood pressure and loss of consciousness
- nebulized epinephrine
- antibiotics, if other treatments don’t work and there might be a bacterial infection
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A person cannot become addicted to albuterol. However, people may feel addicted to albuterol if their symptoms are severe. If this is the case, people should see a doctor to find out how to better control their symptoms. Some people need more than one type of medicine to control asthma.
Inhaling too much albuterol may cause:
- dry mouth
- rapid pulse
- chest pain
If someone has taken too much albuterol or experiences these symptoms after using it, they should call 911 or go directly to the emergency room.
People should talk to a doctor if they have any concerns or questions about using an albuterol nebulizer. People should also contact a doctor as soon as possible if:
- they must use albuterol more or less often that a doctor prescribes
- their symptoms worsen despite using albuterol
- they should also get a rescue inhaler, as scientists have not studied albuterol as a treatment for acute asthma attacks
Call 911 or the nearest emergency service number if:
- someone inhales albuterol that is neither clear nor colorless
- a person’s breathing worsens when using albuterol
- they have trouble getting enough air
- they use too much albuterol
- they have serious side effects or new symptoms after using albuterol
Albuterol sulfate is a bronchodilator that dilates the airways, allowing a person to breathe. Albuterol nebulizers allow people to inhale the medicine as a mist. The medication can help manage the symptoms of conditions such as asthma and COPD.
Albuterol is not an addictive drug, but people can feel dependent on their nebulizer if their symptoms are not well controlled. Always consult a physician before adjusting the dosage of albuterol.